That Time the Mediterranean Sea Disappeared

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  • Published: 09 January 2020
  • Download the PBS Video App: https://www.pbs.org/pbs-video-app/

    How could a body of water as big as the Mediterranean just...disappear? It would take decades and more than 1,000 research studies to even start to figure out the cause -- or causes -- of one of the greatest vanishing acts in Earth’s history.

    Special thanks to everyone at the MEDSALT project, including Aaron Micallef, Daniel Garcia-Castellanos, Angelo Camerlenghi, and Luca Mariani, for allowing us to use their incredible graphics and videos in this episode. Check out their work here: https://medsalt.eu/ and the full version of their incredible recreation of the MSC and the Zanclean Flood here: https://youtu.be/B5uW7Qg6rXM

    This episode was written by Gabi Serrato Marks!

    And thanks as always to Ceri Thomas (https://alphynix.tumblr.com/), Julio Lacerda (https://twitter.com/JulioTheArtist) and Franz Anthony (http://franzanth.com/) for their wonderful paleoart used in this episode.

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios

    Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:
    Anthony Callaghan, Jerrit Erickson, shelley floryd, Kevin Griffin, Laura Sanborn, Jack Arbuckle, David Sewall, Anton Bryl, Ben Thorson, Andrey, MissyElliottSmith, Zachary Spencer, Stefan Weber, Ilya Murashov, Robert Amling, Larry Wilson, Merri Snaidman, John Vanek, Esmeralda Rupp-Spangle, Gregory Donovan, Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Robert Arévalo, Robert Hill, Todd Dittman, Betsy Radley, PS, Philip Slingerland, Eric Vonk, Henrik Peteri, Jonathan Wright, Jon Monteiro, James Bording, Brad Nicholls, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, Jeff Graham, Maria Humphrey, Nathan Paskett, Daisuke Goto, Hubert Rady, Gregory Kintz, Tyson Cleary, Chandler Bass, Joao Ascensao, Tsee Lee, Alex Yan

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    References: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1N9rMuWEPYTgzDhzb2FmwCsdhuBUktaZAeGOnKDJwbmk/edit?usp=sharing
  • Science and Technology Science and Technology

Comments • 1 718

  • 789mark789
    789mark789  25 minutes back

    Hard to follow

    • Ciridan
      Ciridan  2 hours back

      she thic

      • Saikat Sen
        Saikat Sen  11 hours back

        knew there were ancient cities under seas and sands

        • John Lamb
          John Lamb  15 hours back

          What happened to The animals that lived on the Mediterranean islands why to go extinct?

          • Scott Whatever
            Scott Whatever  1 days back

            I wonder if we could mine the deposited salt?

            • Kenneth Pace
              Kenneth Pace  1 days back

              "Giant bunny. Land went up, land went down. Sea went up, sea went down. Animals walked, animals swam. Subscribe."

              • Matangaro Matangaro
                Matangaro Matangaro  2 days back

                Damn her thighs are thick ...

                • arthur erb
                  arthur erb  3 days back

                  Thought that was a Kyuss song at the end. ‘The ol boozerony’

                  • Dew Drop
                    Dew Drop  3 days back

                    Surprised they let her talk with her hands the entire time. Very unprofessional.

                    • WireMosasaur
                      WireMosasaur  4 days back

                      weird pull I know, but this episode just reminded me so much of Comet in Moominland. The gang crossing the freshly emptied muddy sea floor on stilts while under the red light of the comet, avoiding deep pockets of water with stranded.. things.. in them will always haunt me lol

                      • J p
                        J p  4 days back

                        What if it never disappeared? What if it just appeared? Like was never there and now it is🤔

                        • C F
                          C F  4 days back

                          What time did this happen? Did humans walk across it?

                          • Wan Alzheimer
                            Wan Alzheimer  4 days back

                            The rabbit in the Drum Kingdom

                            • Роби Латковић

                              Wow , I just stopped watching when she called that beaver thing a rabbit. It's like calling a bear a dog ...

                              • T Ostheimer
                                T Ostheimer  4 days back

                                it's a chupacobra

                                • Gonzalo Murillo
                                  Gonzalo Murillo  4 days back

                                  TRADUCCION ORAL O BAJAR VIDEO

                                  • Twenty Years in Taiwan

                                    All these credits but still am unsure of who the woman is. What's the name of the woman in the video?

                                    • Call Me Perseverer1
                                      Call Me Perseverer1  4 days back

                                      Animals: "It's Free Real Estate"

                                      • Call Me Perseverer1
                                        Call Me Perseverer1  4 days back

                                        Maybe Atlantis was there.

                                        • Gin Stampede
                                          Gin Stampede  4 days back

                                          2:01 "The Starry Sea" - Van Gogh's long lost masterpiece...

                                          • Don Baker
                                            Don Baker  5 days back

                                            Cool video but I don't like it when a woman tries to explain me stuff.

                                            • fxlxp
                                              fxlxp  5 days back

                                              I study Geology and we mentioned this event on the Historical Geology course, but this was more in depth and the visuals helped a lot, thanks!

                                              • Lumberjack king the great

                                                I think a documentary predicted this year's ago I'm talking about how the documentary predicted that it would dry up in the future because the tectonic plates pushing the together closing it and some ice age cooling well that ice age isn't going to happen until weve gone exstinct global warming and all that it's kinda out dated and old but maybe it could happen again

                                                • יצחק בן יהוידע

                                                  מדהים !!!

                                                  • Jesse Miles
                                                    Jesse Miles  5 days back

                                                    Maybe a rockslide that wasn't washed out until another massive flood?

                                                    • Dick Hagen
                                                      Dick Hagen  5 days back

                                                      I don't believe anything PBS puts out anymore.

                                                      • Nancy Daly
                                                        Nancy Daly  5 days back

                                                        But....but I LIKED the image of a giant ocean waterfall filling the Med up! Waaah!

                                                        • Drive-By Troll
                                                          Drive-By Troll  5 days back

                                                          Can dwarf elephants be housebroken?

                                                          • Yarbloco
                                                            Yarbloco  6 days back

                                                            So, millions of years ago? When was Herakleion built in this timeline? Maybe it's better to ask when did the mediterranean appeared. Sounds like that waterfall was a flood. You know, like an almost-any-religion-you-want type of flood.

                                                            • DjJackyB
                                                              DjJackyB  6 days back

                                                              Dik, maar oulik.

                                                              • Dennis Alwine
                                                                Dennis Alwine  6 days back

                                                                Slipped in several attributions of Climate Change[TM]. You get a buckeye!

                                                                • Woody615
                                                                  Woody615  6 days back

                                                                  The sea level dropped by 300 METERS, but the salt deposits could be up to 3 KILOMETERS thick? Sounds more like The Strait was never fully closed off, and there was a continuous input of sea water (salt water) but not enough to replenish the Med. Thus the water kept evaporating leaving behind more and more salt. Some times it would close off and more water would evaporate depositing more salt. At other times, it would open slightly letting in more sea water and more salt.

                                                                  • Alexander van der Jagt

                                                                    Three things I missed: 1. The many human settlements near the coasts of Greece, Italy and the Black Sea that now lie underwater and are a testament of lower sea levels. 2. The link with the nearby Dead Sea. 3. The link with the flood and sea-parting stories in the scriptures that originated in these parts of the world.

                                                                    • jpavlvs
                                                                      jpavlvs  6 days back

                                                                      That was interesting and informative. Thank you.

                                                                      • Robert Browne
                                                                        Robert Browne  6 days back

                                                                        Wow, the Earth naturally cooling and warming, could this phenomenon be called "Climate Change". Which is a natural thing, now humans may have speeded it up but it is inevitable and we cannot reverse it. So we should be looking at how the effects will affect us and take steps to protect what we can instead of a futile battle to prevent the inevitable.

                                                                        • all iknow
                                                                          all iknow  6 days back

                                                                          Ooooo regional climate change. That's real interesting.. wow, just make it up as you go. Write your grant and continue to confuse your supporters.

                                                                          • Lucian Florescu
                                                                            Lucian Florescu  6 days back

                                                                            someone should tell that woman it's STRAIT not SHTRAIT... :P

                                                                            • Digitalatom6
                                                                              Digitalatom6  6 days back

                                                                              The mediterranean had a row with the antlantic who wouldn't give it a drink, so it became salty about it.

                                                                              • kabalu
                                                                                kabalu  6 days back

                                                                                stop using football fields. that is just stupid

                                                                                • ColtraneTaylor
                                                                                  ColtraneTaylor  7 days back

                                                                                  Africa and Europe, and Asia. Single continent.

                                                                                  • King of the Golden River

                                                                                    In other words, no one knows.

                                                                                    • Emil Kirilov
                                                                                      Emil Kirilov  7 days back

                                                                                      great content

                                                                                      • DVDF Merlin
                                                                                        DVDF Merlin  7 days back

                                                                                        04:18 Climate change? wait how can that be? surely this can't be right it's well known that Humans are the cause of climate change. How can there be climate change without Human industry or for that matter Humans?

                                                                                        • Mannimarco X
                                                                                          Mannimarco X  7 days back

                                                                                          "It sounds like you and the word 'epoch' have a lot of catching up to do." - I couldn't help myself...I'm ashamed.

                                                                                          • Mr05chuck
                                                                                            Mr05chuck  7 days back

                                                                                            Wow! You mean the climate changed before man? Must have been dinosaur farts.

                                                                                            • bounlath hansackda
                                                                                              bounlath hansackda  7 days back

                                                                                              could be that the pressure from the atlantic was so strong it poured in like sea rush

                                                                                              • double ooh 7
                                                                                                double ooh 7  1 weeks back

                                                                                                You've said alot of crap UNFORTUNATELY with no EVIDENCE so I'm sorry but i can't believe any of that crap!

                                                                                                • Paul Osborne
                                                                                                  Paul Osborne  1 weeks back

                                                                                                  What,!!!??? Climate changed before SUVs? Who would have thought.